Permanent Residency for Canada

Canada has always recognised the importance of immigration on its society, economy and future. Immigration has allowed the government to directly address labour shortages and to add growth to their workforce.

Considering the recent pandemic, Canada announced their plan to increase the number of permanent visas being applied for. To do this, they have not only increased quotas on already existing visas, but have introduced an additional 6 limited-time pathways directed at health care workers, essential workers, international students and French speakers from those categories to assist in the fight against the pandemic.

There are different pathways by which Canadian permanent residency (PR) are obtained. These are the most common pathways.

Most Common Pathways to Permanent Residency

  • Express Entry

  • Provincial Nominee Program

  • Canadian Express Class

  • Family Sponsorship

  • Business Immigration

Express Entry

The Federal Express Entry program evaluates applicants based on points, where the highest point scorers receive an invitation to apply for PR. Some factors that points are awarded for include (but are not limited to):

  • Age
  • Education
  • Language skills (English and/or French)
  • Canadian work experience
  • Commitment to Canada
  • Job offer


Provincial Nominee Program

Individuals who wish to migrate to a specific province or region in Canada, can apply through the Provincial Nominee Program in the province or territory where they want to settle.  The provinces then pick candidates from the Express Entry pool who meet their province-specific labour market needs. The Canadian provinces that applicants can apply to are:

·         Alberta

·         British Columbia

·         Manitoba

·         Nova Scotia

·         New Brunswick

·         Ontario

·         Prince Edward Island

·         Quebec

·         Saskatchewan

·         Yukon

Canadian Experience Class

This program is aimed towards foreigners who have worked in Canada recently and are now ready to settle down on a permanent basis. Some eligibility criteria include:

  • Skilled work experience (worked minimum 12 months, full-time, in past 3 years)
  • Language skills (English and/or French)
Family Sponsorship

Canada acknowledges the importance of families being together, so this category allows a Canadian citizen or permanent resident to sponsor their family member to live with them, permanently. Avenues available to applicants include sponsoring their:

·         Spouse, partner, and/or dependent children

·         Parents and grandparents

·         Adopted child

·         Children or grandchildren

·         Relatives (e.g. nephew, niece)


Business Immigration

This program was designed for business people who want to experience new opportunities and challenges in the industry, and are looking to manage and/or invest in a new or established business in Canada. Start-up business applications are assessed on a pass/fail basis of these main criteria:

  • Qualifying business
  • Language skills (English and/or French)
  • Financial capacity

There is also a visa stream for those who are self-employed.


Additional pathways to PR (NOTE: only available for a limited time)

In addition to the above, 6 limited-time pathways are available to new-comers.

Health care workers (same for French speakers’ stream)

Below is a list of 40 occupations that is used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) as eligible “health-related occupations”. If you are a French speaking health care worker, you should apply under the “French Speaking Health Care Workers” stream which has NO intake caps.

NOC Code Occupation
3011 Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors
3012 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
3111 Specialist physicians
3112 General practitioners and family physicians
3113 Dentists
3121 Optometrists
3122 Chiropractors
3124 Allied primary health practitioners
3125 Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
3131 Pharmacists
3132 Dietitians and nutritionists
3141 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
3142 Physiotherapists
3143 Occupational therapists
3144 Other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
3211 Medical laboratory technologists
3212 Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants
3214 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
3215 Medical radiation technologists
3216 Medical sonographers
3217 Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.
3219 Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)
3221 Denturists
3222 Dental hygienists and dental therapists
3223 Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants
3231 Opticians
3232 Practitioners of natural healing
3233 Licensed practical nurses
3234 Paramedical occupations
3236 Massage therapists
3237 Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
3411 Dental assistants
3413 Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
3414 Other assisting occupations in support of health services
4151 Psychologists
4152 Social workers
4153 Family, marriage and other related counsellors
4165 Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4212 Social and community service workers
4412 Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations


Essential workers (same for French speakers’ stream)

Below is a list of 95 occupations that is used by IRCC as “other eligible essential occupations” from the major unit group, minor unit group and specific 4 digit group. If you are a French speaking essential worker, you should apply under the “French-Speaking Essential Workers” stream which has NO intake caps.

Major Unit Group NOC Code Occupation
66 – Sales support occupations 6611 Cashiers
6621 Service station attendants
6622 Store shelf stockers, clerks and order fillers
6623 Other sales related occupations
72- Industrial, electrical and construction trades 7201 Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
7203 Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
7232 Tool and die makers
7233 Sheet metal workers
7234 Boilermakers
7235 Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
7236 Ironworkers
7237 Welders and related machine operators
7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
7242 Industrial electricians
7243 Power system electricians
7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians
7251 Plumbers
7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
7253 Gas fitters
7271 Carpenters
7272 Cabinetmakers
7281 Bricklayers
7282 Concrete finishers
7283 Tilesetters
7284 Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
7291 Roofers and shinglers
7292 Glaziers
7293 Insulators
7294 Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
7295 Floor covering installers
74 – Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 7441 Residential and commercial installers and servicers
7442 Waterworks and gas maintenance workers
7444 Pest controllers and fumigators
7445 Other repairers and servicers
7451 Longshore workers
7452 Material handlers
75 – Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 7511 Transport truck drivers
7512 Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
7513 Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
7514 Delivery and courier service drivers
7521 Heavy equipment operators (except crane)
7522 Public works maintenance equipment operators and related workers
7531 Railway yard and track maintenance workers
7532 Water transport deck and engine room crew
7533 Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations
7534 Air transport ramp attendants
7535 Other automotive mechanical installers and servicers
76 – Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations 7611 Construction trades helpers and labourers
7612 Other trades helpers and labourers
7621 Public works and maintenance labourers
7622 Railway and motor transport labourers
86 – Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 8611 Harvesting labourers
8612 Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers
8613 Aquaculture and marine harvest labourers
8614 Mine labourers
8615 Oil and gas drilling, servicing and related labourers
8616 Logging and forestry labourers
Minor Unit Group NOC Code Occupation
151 – Mail and message distribution occupations  1511 Mail, postal and related workers
1512 Letter carriers
  1513 Couriers, messengers and door-to-door distributors
642 – Retail salesperson  6421 Retail salespersons
673 – Cleaners  6731 Light duty cleaners
6732 Specialized cleaners
  6733 Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents
843 – Agriculture and horticulture workers  8431 General farm workers
  8432 Nursery and greenhouse workers
844 – Other workers in fishing and trapping and hunting occupations 8441 Fishing vessel deckhands
  8442 Trappers and hunters
946 – Machine operators and related workers in food, beverage and associated products processing 9461 Process control and machine operators, food and beverage processing
9462 Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers
9463 Fish and seafood plant workers
9465 Testers and graders, food and beverage processing
Specific 4 digit unit groups
NOC Code Occupation
821 Managers in agriculture
822 Managers in horticulture
4031 French and French Immersion Secondary school teachers (language of instruction must be French)
4032 French and French Immersion Elementary school and kindergarten teachers (language of instruction must be French)
4411 Home child care providers
4413 Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
6331 Retail butchers
6523 Airline ticket and service agents
6524 Ground and water transport ticket agents, cargo service representatives and related clerks
6541 Security guards and related security service occupations
6551 Customer services representatives – financial institutions
6552 Other customer and information services representatives
8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
9617 Labourers in food and beverage processing
9618 Labourers in fish and seafood processing


Recently Graduated International Students (same for French speakers’ stream)

Recently graduated international students who wish to stay in Canada after completion of their studies and enter the workforce, may do so under this stream once it is re-opened. If you are a French speaking graduate, you should apply under the French stream, which has NO intake caps. Some factors that applicants are assessed on include:

  • Institution where academic credentials were obtained
  • Occupation
  • Language skills (English and/or French)

Advantages of Canadian Permanent Residency

There are many benefits that you can look forward to when beginning your new life in Canada.

Application process

The Canada PR process can be time consuming, complex, and challenging. The process steps vary from pathway to pathway, but it generally requires the determining of your eligibility, meeting set requirements of a particular stream, completing a valid online application, and ensuring all the correct documents have been submitted.

Kunal Thakur

Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant R#519955

Kunal Thakur is a passionate Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant (RCIC), holding close to two decades of immigration experience, during which he has successfully guided thousands of immigrants in their immigration journey. He is quick in responding to client queries and would always give his clients the right advice. Kunal also brings immense value in all his talks and discourses on immigration and when not in front of his laptop reading and analysing client cases he could be seen exploring new places and trying new things. Kunal is currently based in Adelaide, Australia. You can book a time with him here.

[email protected]

RCIC: R519955